The nonsense of English writers about the daughter of Aurangzeb Alamgir

During a trip to Bombay, a dear friend who relied heavily on English writings showed an article in Indian Magazine and Review which was about Zeb-ul-Nisa’s biography.

I am sorry that the capital information of such an esteemed pamphlet was all market stories, one of which is the embarrassing story of Aqil Khan Razi. The conditions that have been set up for commercial purposes are completely out of place.

Based on this, it was decided to combine correct information about Zeb al-Nisa, which would have the advantage of correcting misinformation.

al-Nisa was the first child of Zeb al-Nisa Aurangzeb (Mughal emperor). Zeb al-Nisa was born in the second year of marriage in Shawwal 5 AH (1638). According to the constitution, he was the first to teach the Holy Quran. All historians and narrators agree that Zeb al-Nisa had a very high level of education in Arabic and Persian.

Zeb al-Nisa did not get married. It is generally known that the Timurid emperors did not marry girls. This false tradition has been given a lot of fame by European writers and it has helped them to spread the notoriety of royal wives, but this story is completely baseless. Alamgir himself had two daughters, Zabdat-ul-Nisa Begum and Mehar-ul-Nisa Begum, married to Sepehr Shukoh and Izad Bakhsh (son of Prince Murad). Thus, in the Effect of the Universe, the dates and brief circumstances of both marriages are written and it is also mentioned in the book Khatam.

Alamgir Zeb-ul-Nisa was highly respected. When she came from somewhere outside, he would send princes to greet her. I used to take him with me when I was traveling.

Zeb al-Nisa died in Delhi in 5 AH (1698 or 1702 AD). Alamgir was engaged in the conquests of the Deccan at that time. I was very sad to hear this news. An order was issued to pay Zakat and alms for its reward. And prepare the tomb of the deceased. The name of Zeb-ul-Nisa and its events appear in the Khani Khan manuscript printed in Calcutta up to 5 AH (1710), but this is a clear mistake. The scribes have mistakenly changed the adornment of women to the adornment of women.

Perfection of knowledge and general morals and customs All historians have written that Zeb al-Nisa excelled in Arabic sciences and Persian linguistics. She wrote Nasta’liq, Naskh and Shaqta Khat very well. But there is nothing in his writings today. It is generally known that she used a pseudonym. And the secret Diwan belongs to the one who has been published in secret, but this is not true. There is no mention of his nickname or Diwan in any history or narration. There is no denying that she was a poet, but it seems that her words were lost.

Knowledge harvesting
is the author of a self-Nisa Khan or not, but many excellent books of the art equipment for monitoring. Along with the authorship department set up by Zeb al-Nisa, it was necessary to have a large library. From which the authors can benefit. So Begum established a very large library.

Morals and Habits
Zeb al-Nisa, though a pious and fair-minded joke, was the granddaughter of Shah Jahan. Therefore, sophistication and the goods of the Emirate were also necessary. Inayatullah Khan, who was very close to the rulers of the world, was the Mir Khansaman of Zeb-un-Nisa. In Kashmir, there are springs of pleasant scenery. One of these springs, named Ahul, was in the estate of Zeb al-Nisa. Zeb al-Nisa had built a magnificent garden and magnificent buildings adjacent to it.

False Stories About
Zeb-e-Nisa Numerous false stories about Zeb-e-Nisa have become popular which have been further colored by European writers. One of them is that Zeb-ul-Nisa and Aqeel Khan had a love affair and Zeb-ul-Nisa used to secretly invite her to the palace. One day Alamgir was present in the palace when he found out that Aqil Khan was in the palace and was hidden in a bath pot. Unknowingly, Alamgir ordered to heat water in the same pot. Aqil Khan did not die due to secrecy and was burnt.

(Excerpts from an article by Shibli Nomani, a well-known Urdu biographer, historian, religious scholar and critic)


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