In the US state of New Hampshire, according to the official announcement, the season of spider animals (ie spiders, spiders, lice and scorpions, etc.) has officially started. Millions of spiders are appearing in homes here and it is better for them to protect themselves. But we were u I would kill you with the Big Easy?
As soon as I opened the front door of my house, I prepared myself for a mental barrier.
First I had to fetch a snake from the store in the garden shed of the house. An abyss of terrifying spiders the size of little rats, where they roam with their soft, long hair on their long legs. Then I have to carefully remove some of the slabs on the ground, which have made their home under them, to avoid scorpion-shaped insects. Then I built a jasmine fence in my house so that they would not be attacked by insects that could climb on these plants.
I finally reached the yard of my house. And when I got here, I was able to. On the floor there I saw a striped rotten worm with its long legs spread out dead. Insects with such a picture have often left such traces in my home garden for the past three years, and during this time something strange happened: I began to like these insects.
Such a fall of this creature in the dustbin of his house did not seem to be the result of a bloody creature that made his hair stand on end, but it looked like the scene of a pet whose heart had stopped beating.
However, not all spiders end up in such a calm manner. As soon as we see them crawling on the floor, or hanging in a corner of the roof of our house, we usually crush them, or spray them with pesticides. Either they are destroyed by a vacuum cleaner or they are thrown out of the house. How can so many people use their power to kill them so easily, as if this is their nature?
There is no doubt that man destroys animals with a regular frequency whenever possible – without this bitter reality it may not be possible to do experiments in farming or laboratory. But the destruction of spider-like creatures is described as having achieved a great victory.
A comment written on Amazon about a drug that kills spiders states, “I had a spider web in my bathroom on which I sprayed this drug, it died within a minute.” It is a very effective medicine. Another user praised the drug and wrote, “Spider carcasses (in large numbers) were hanging on the ground in their nets.”
A complex form of life
This kind of massacre of these spiders will be very disturbing for you if you come to know that there is not much difference between the life of spiders and humans. Although our paths diverged during the evolutionary journey 530 million years ago, many parts of our organs and bodies, such as the knee joint and the chemical fluids produced in the brain from dopamine to adrenaline, are identical. ۔ No one has tried to do any research on spider’s emotions. But it is easier to understand their feelings than we think.
Similarly, their heads are not too heavy on their shoulders (or not too heavy on their legs — sometimes a spider’s head does not have enough space to accommodate its sender). But there are also spiders that have very complex intelligence, for example, they can plan to change different complex routes to trap their prey. They have a unique kind of intelligence that they need to plan their web.
And if they survive the onslaught of the excited man, there are many species of spiders that can live for decades.
The oldest known spider on the planet – a trap door spider known as No. 16 – lived a proud long life of 43 years. All this time he had only one house, in a bill of the Bungalow Reserve near Tamin in southwestern Australia. At the time of the spider’s death in 2018, Linda Mason – an environmentalist who spent many years studying it – told the Washington Post how she tragically reached her “peak.” She was killed by a parasitic insect.
If we need any other reason to consider spider life important, it is the fact that – like all living animals today – every spider is the product of an inseparable lineage of its successful ancestors having its first life on earth. It started with That is three billion eight hundred million years ago. In the face of amazing adversity, the ancestors of this particular spider and their ancestors – as well as many of the above generations, have been able to survive long enough to reproduce their descendants for thousands of years. Then a man with heavy feet steps on the spider in the bathroom because it is not a small problem for him.
So are we all just wrongdoers? Or is something else happening?
According to Jeffrey Lockwood, there are many reasons why we don’t try to empathize with spiders – in fact, these unfortunate creatures become a mixture of different traits that coincidentally form into a package that We find it uniquely offensive.
Lockwood, a professor of natural sciences and humanities at the University of Wyoming, says, “I tell people that the perfect form of evolution and culture is a spider – well, it’s one, and if you’re going to pick a worm, come to mind.” Will Professor Lockwood is also the author of a study entitled Infected Brains: Why Humans Fear, Hate and Love Insects.
An ancient enemy
Perhaps the most obvious reason we use to justify spider bites is our psychological fear of the eight-legged thing that makes it difficult for us to empathize with this creature.
At just five months of age, human infants are more at risk from spider mites than other insects. This leads to the conclusion that our hatred of them is partly innate, perhaps because we are prevented from choosing poisonous animals by mistake or accidentally during our evolution.
This naturally cautious behavior is further complicated by cultural reasons for ordinary people, such as parents who find them terrifying as they grow up. More alarming newspaper articles and other types of media content are likely to increase the anxiety about it.
However, the reason for this is not just fear – especially since we do not hate other arthropods (insects and animals without a spider-like spine) that are more dangerous than spiders.
One possible explanation for this is that spiders look so much more terrestrial or different from the creatures of this earth than the creatures of another planet, with an unreasonable number of eyes – up to 12 eyes – too many legs. And fungus without teeth. Their behavior is also quite different from that of most mammals – trapping unsuspecting insects, then sucking on the inside, or feeding on their mates and accidentally breeding a large species of their own. To do
“And so their unfamiliarity is tied to a number of commonalities to make them look different – I think the technical term is that we find them scary,” says Lockwood.
Spiders are also genetically alien. Although humans and spiders have a distant relationship with each other, we have no close relationship with them, as we are considered close relatives of other mammals or even reptiles.
This is probably a cause for concern, because the more we share with others – or the more we relate to each other – the more empathy they have. A 2019 study found that since our evolutionary paths diverged, our sympathy for our own old traveling companions has diminished over time.
Even scientists are more biased in their study of the animals associated with us. A 2010 study found that, according to every research paper published on endangered amphibians (both land and water animals that live in both land and water), mammals There may have been more than 500 of them.
This mixture of fear and alienation in society can fundamentally impede our ability to love spiders, just as these factors make human minority groups backward. For example, an experiment showed that exposing someone to horrible images reduces people’s empathy for them.
In fact, the combination of all these factors is very effective in reducing our sympathy, it is a classic way to spread hatred against the enemy or to increase ‘xenophobia’ in wartime propaganda – and pictures of spiders often at the same time. Used to achieve both purposes. A famous British poster of World War II shows Hitler hanging like a long-haired spider circling the world, posing a serious threat: ‘One by one his legs will be broken’.
Loss of control
Very scary stories about spiders have a surprising element – like a friend wearing an old Halloween costume that has been kept high for years, and someone says, ‘Wow, I’m on your neck. I like the picture of the spider. It’s very realistic … ‘ There was a lot of screaming, because it was definitely not part of the look, but it was a real spider that was slowly slipping silently down from his hat.
Lockwood explains that this is a major factor in our hatred of spiders – their ability to deviate from our control. “We think we are in charge of our world, but spiders and insects keep coming, they crawl under the floorboards and do nothing. So we have a feeling — I think it’s a good feeling — that we don’t take any risks with these things. ‘
Spiders are not able to hide and hide quickly. Unlike stray pigeons or foxes, you can’t build a wall to keep them away. Even though we now live in a highly controlled world – where we can turn on heating systems from the other side of the world – spiders can still unexpectedly appear in our beds and shoes, as they have for thousands of years. Are happening. Like it or not, it’s impossible to get rid of them at home.
A silent scream
There are some other practical things as well. One is that spiders do not have emotions that we can easily recognize, or that they make noise about themselves – so we are oblivious when the spider is in pain.
“It’s a strange place,” Lockwood said. If they were completely irrelevant, I don’t think we would have had such a problem with them. But we have a sense of their being an animal — we immediately recognize them on one level, but then we don’t immediately realize anything about them on another level.
As environmentalist Stephen Kellert wrote in his book Kinship to Mastery: Biophilia in Human Evolution and Development: Probably the most disturbing thing is that these creatures (insects and other twin animals) seem to be deprived of mental life. He explains that to us they (like us) cannot feel human emotions – as if their own minds are not related to their existence. (Definitely an illusion.)
All of this means that you can crush a spider without thinking about whether it will hurt or not – and until your target runs away or your horrible job is left unfinished, you realize It doesn’t happen that (crushing him) you are doing something unpleasant.
However, this is true when they are very small spiders – and most people try to kill big spiders.
“We have predatory spiders here, which are just as big,” says Blue, a professor of functional genomics at the University of Sydney. But people don’t kill them here, they are our friends. ‘ Greek blue studies the suffering of fruit flies, among other animals, at the University of Sydney.
Lockwood can add to that. ‘The same can be said of some very large red bags (cockroaches) – my wife usually hated insects, but she didn’t want to, and I know others who like to step on cockroaches. “Because they like to hear a certain sound of crushing.” He says this while explaining his idea – many years ago – when he got home he saw his wife catching insects under yogurt pots. “It was like a little death,” he says.
“There’s definitely something about crushing another being, but we don’t think it’s a big problem until we get a sensory signal of its reaction when it’s crushed,” Lockwood said. Let it be known that this is a real murder or a form of violence.
A scary face
In addition to their terrifying fangs and scary legs, spiders face another challenge from a human standpoint because of their shape: they don’t look as cute as human babies.
The ‘Baby Face Effect’ is a very influential hidden prejudice in humans, which means that we accidentally encounter people – and with animals – as naturally ‘newtons’, or child-like traits. Treat them as if they were real children. For example, large eyes, large foreheads, small noses and chins, and angel-shaped small lips can trigger powerful feelings of empathy and love in humans.
However, this effect can lead us to well-proven mistakes. In environmental protection, it has often been observed that ‘cute’ looking species receive significantly more attention and funding, while ‘ugly’ animals in human care – for example, in zoos and laboratories. I – Their standard of living may be low, because we are unable to understand their pain and suffering.
Spiders with their small eyes are counted in this category – spiders look innocent to our monkey-like brains, which is why we attribute such extraordinary qualities as being less kind and trustworthy. In contrast, species of spiders with large eyes are generally seen as less frightening creatures.
An example is the jumping spiders, which have two main extra eyes, with extra pairs of eyes hidden behind their heads. They are so admirable that researchers in one dissertation called them ‘gateway spiders’ – thus making the spiders a useful representative ambassador for their ugly species. She has already appeared in several viral videos, featuring her dancing to a love song in several popular songs.
A poor rating
While we consider it a good idea to destroy spiders as harmful to health, there are plenty of arguments to make their lives more respectful – and there are psychological measures to help us do so. ۔
One way is to portray spiders as creatures with human behavior so that a natural sympathy for them can be created in our minds and humans can interact with these spiders. This is the method that is being used to save endangered species (coincidentally many species of spiders are endangered). This goal can be achieved by showing spiders with more human-like physical characteristics, such as giving them human emotions and sex – ‘Look, he’s angry!’ – And focus on your similarities with them instead of disagreeing with them.
However, there is also an opposing school of thought: since empathy is so flawed, we should try to avoid using it as the basis for our moral decisions.
Instead, we can present spider lives on a rational basis – such as the importance of their work in the ecosystem. So we can try to remind ourselves that spider species prey on 400 to 800 million tons of insects every year, and that by doing so, including some of the insects that cause disease in humans, it will affect the insect population. Helps prevent overuse.
As an alternative to these tips, we can overcome the tendency of spiders to become extinct because of their abilities and biology – make yourself aware of the tremendous intelligence of their brains that make these spiders capable. Mention shows complex decision-making ability, even though they are several thousand times smaller than mammals.
But there is another way.
Geraldine Wright, a professor of entomology at Oxford University, says: “I think people think that some types of life are more valuable than others. But they don’t think the same about them. They don’t question them. ” She explains that bringing our spiders to mind is a feature of Western civilization, because many cultures and religions – such as Buddhism – believe that all living species have been important for thousands of years.
However, some experts are optimistic that we are slowly embracing spiders and insects – especially as people begin to think more about biodiversity and environmental protection. “The second change is the idea that each species has its own importance, and you shouldn’t destroy it just because you want to destroy it,” said Donald Broome, a professor of animal welfare at Cambridge University. ‘
As I was writing this article, I saw a new striped spider rising in my garden – perhaps one of my old friend’s spider offspring. I think I will leave them as they are, whether I like them or not.